Welcome to Assam, the gateway of North East
India. It is the land of enchanting aesthetic beauty with lush green hills,
pastures, tea gardens, river plains and wilderness all round. Situated between
20° N and 28° N latitude and 90° E and 96° E longitude,
the state is surrounded by Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya.
It has also common international boundary of 500 km with Bhutan and 200
km with Bangladesh. It has an area of over 78,438 sq km.
Running and cascading through the entire length and breadth of the state are
mighty rivers; the Brahmaputra in the north and the Barak in the south along
with their tributaries which nourish a wide range of precious flora and fauna
in the hills and plains of this charming land. The North East India is the
treasure house of rare and endangered flora and fauna. It is also the proud
possessor of luxuriant Rain Forests. It is a Biodiversity heaven of India.
The roars of tigers, barking of deer, bellow of stag, trumpets of playful
elephants used to be the music of the nature which gradually is giving way
to the cacophony of the rising biotic pressure.
Department of Environment and Forest, has endeavored to manage this complex
scenario remarkably. In Wildlife we have achieved a tremendous success. The one horned
Rhino which was almost extinct in India, with only a dozen left at the turn
of last century, now stands restored to scientifically sustainable level. Assam can boast of
possessing a host of endangered and rare mammals, avian and amphibian species. These include pigmy hog,
hispid hare, white winged wood duck, and great Indian hornbills among many others.